Fortaleza is the capital city of the state of Ceara located in Northeastern Brazil. It is located 2285 km away from the capital of Brazil. The city is situated on the banks of the creek Pajeu and its name is an allusion to Fort Schoonenborch, which gave rise to the city. Fortaleza is a pourtugese name and it is built by the Dutch during their second stay in the country between 1649 and 1654.
Fortaleza is the 12th richest city of the country and second in the northeastern region of Brazil. Ministry of Tourism of Brazil stated that the city is the second most liked destination of Brazil and fourth among Brazilian cities in tourists received. The BR-116, which connects the city is the most important highway of the country, which starts in Fortaleza.
Fortaleza is one of the three leading cities in the Northeast region together with Recife and Salvador.Fortaleza lies in coastal region hence it is rich in vegetation. Some of its area is situated in dune near Ceara, Coco and Pacoti rivers, it is surrounded by mangrove forest. The place consists of Sabiaguaba Dunes Municipal Natural Park, the Sabiaguaba Environmental Protection Area, the Maraponga Lagoon Ecological Park, the Coco Ecological Park, the Ceara River Estuary Environmental Protection Area, the Environmental Protection Area of the Rio Pacoti and the Pedra da Risca do Meio Marine State Park.
The Coco river mangrove is home rich flora and fauna including mollusks, crustaceans, fish, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Other than the national parks you can visit Acquario Ceara, which is the third largest aquarium in the world, Its major Attractions such as the Beach Park theme park, located in the Great Fortaleza, Avenida Beira Mar and the seasides are surrounded by bars, restaurants and music clubs, where you can enjoy the nightlife. The beaches of Futuro and Iracema and Pirata Bar have placed Fortaleza among the Brazilian destinations preferred by Europeans.
You can do Scuba diving in the area of Pedra da Risca do Meio Marine State Park, a marine protected area located about 10 nautical miles from the shoreline of Fortaleza. Apart from the happening nightlife and beach destination Fortaleza is well known for various historic centers and cultural diversity. Fortaleza has the Preservation of Historic, Cultural and Archaeological Heritage such as Parangaba, Alagadico Novo/Jose de Alencar, Benfica, Porangabucu and Praia de Iracema.
Fortaleza has produced many artists, writers, painters and singers. It is also well known for its theater, the largest and most popular are Theatro Jose de Alencar, which host all the major local and universal culture shows, other than this the Sao Jose Theater, the Sao Luiz Cinema Theater, Teatro RioMarand Teatro Via Sul.The Ceara Museum are also famous.
After the arrival in the city you can enjoy amazing cusine which you always wanted to taste. The gastronomy of Fortaleza is very close to the typical Northeastern cuisine, and, traditional include the baiao de dois, tapioca, which is a pancake made from the starch of cassava. The seafood is another ingredient of typical dishes of local cuisine, such as the steak moqueca and the mackerel and snapper. Crab, shrimp and lobster are also widely used delicacies in dishes such as shrimp rice or shrimp dumplings.
Climate of Fotaleza:
Fortaleza is surrounded by the coastline hence it has a typical tropical climate, majorly a tropical wet and dry climate, with high temperatures and relative humidity throughout the year. However, these conditions are usually relieved by pleasant winds blowing from the ocean. Average temperatures are not much different throughout the year. December is the warmest month, with a highest of 30.7 °C and low of 24.6 °C. The rainy season is from January to June, with rainfall. During this period, relative humidity is high. Fortaleza’s climate is usually very dry from August to December, with very little rainfall.
How to Reach Fortaleza:
By Plane: Fortaleza has an international airport which is located in the center of the city. It is the busiest airport of the nottheastern region of Brazil as it receive the tourist from around the globe, It receive flights from all the major cities of the world like Berlin, Miama etc.
By Personal or rental car: The land access to the municipality is made by highways BR-116, BR-020, BR-22], CE-090, CE-085, CE-065, CE-060, CE-040 and CE-025. The city’s road transport system is regulated by the Fortaleza Urban Transportation Company , You can reach the city by following the resepctive highway.
By Bus: Engenheiro Joao Tome us the Bus station of the Fortaleza Bus terminal which carries a daily average of over 8,000 passengers. 35 Bus companies and close to 200 bus lines, are there you carry these passenger daily from all the major cities of the country.
Points of Attraction:
- Iracema Beach
- Praia do Futuro
- Center of Art and Culture
- Catheradal of Fortaleza