Brazil Destinations, Rio de Janeiro

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Rio de Janeiro is a masterpiece with its breathtaking views: islands within view, a forest in the middle of town,
a bay with excellent shipping condition, beaches, lagoons, and sand spots with easy access. The city has
music, love and fun in the air. Cariocas are hospitable welcoming visitors everywhere; in its local bars, playing
a beach sport, watching a soccer match, singing, and dancing. All these qualities are backed by a full tourism
infrastructure including many hotels, theatres, cinemas, museums, fairs, monuments and incredible
Rio is the second­largest city in Brazil, the sixth­largest city in the Americas, and the world’s thirty­fifth­largest
city by population. The metropolis is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, the second most populous
metropolitan area in Brazil, the sixth­most populous in the Americas, and the eighteenth­largest in the world.
Founded in 1565 by the Portuguese, the city was initially the seat of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, a domain
of the Portuguese Empire. Later, in 1763, it became the capital of the State of Brazil, a state of the Portuguese
Empire. In 1808, when the Portuguese Royal Court transferred itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
became the chosen seat of the court of Queen Maria I of Portugal, who subsequently, in 1815, under the
leadership of her son, the Prince Regent, and future King João VI of Portugal, raised Brazil to the dignity of a
kingdom, within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and Algarves. Rio de Janeiro has the second largest municipal GDP in the country, and 30th largest in the world in 2008,
estimated at about R$343 billion (IBGE, 2008) (nearly US$201 billion). It is headquarters to various Brazilian
oil, mining, and telecommunications companies, including two of the country’s major corporations—Petrobras
and Vale—and Latin America’s largest telemedia conglomerate, Grupo Globo. The home of many universities
and institutes, it is the second­largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of
national scientific output according to 2005 data. Rio de Janeiro is one of the most visited cities in the
Southern Hemisphere and is known for its natural settings,Carnival, samba, bossa nova, and balneario
beaches. Rio de Janeiro will host the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics—the first time a South
American and Portuguese­speaking nation will host these events, and the third time the Olympics will be held
in a Southern Hemisphere city. Rio is home to many tourist attractions. Christ of Redeemer is located atop of Corcovado Mountain and it’s
considered one of the most visited attractions in the world. From the top, the view is nothing short of heavenly:
Copacabana, Ipanema, Leblon, Botanical gardens, the Jockey Club, the Lagoon. The entire city spreads out
in a magnificent panorama during the day. The Sugar Loaf offers breathtaking views of Rio. This famous
landmark is reached by cable­car in two stages: first to the top of Urca Hill, where visitors catch the second
cable­car to their final destination. From the Sugar Loaf you can view the endless beaches of Rio and Niteroi
stretch in the horizon.
Botafogo Bay has a sidewalk running along Botafogo Beach, where you can view the boats and sails of Yatch
Club. It offers a cycle path and bicycle racks for visitors.
Copacabana Beach is the most famous beach in Rio with its eighty kilometers of beaches framed by the wavy
black and white mosaics of Avenida Atlantica. In fact there are two close beaches to Copacabana: Leme, and
Ipanema Beach, offering panoramic views to visitors. In Copacabana you can find the Copacabana Palace
Hotel which was built in 1023, and it became a symbol of Rio. The Copacabana Fort was built in 1914 to
defend Guanabara Bay, and you can visit its museum and eat at the local restaurant.
Ipanema is even more irresistible than Copacabana, It’s a famous meeting in point in Rio which its
sophisticated suburb offering lively night life scene. It’s a blend of beach, bars, and boutiques. It tryly reflects
the Carioca spirit.
Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon is surrounded by luxurious homes and embraced by Christ the Redeemer. Its an
impressive sight at sunset, as the lights reflects on its tranquil waters. On Sundays and holidays, paddleboats
offers visitors a unique view of the forest covered mountains framing the loveliest lagoon in Rio.
Jockey Club is one of the city’s historic landmarks. It was designed by Louis XV­style by architect Francisco
Couchet, and represents sports, recreation, receptions, and horse­racing events.
The Botanical Garden has 141 hectares sheltering examples of plant­life from Brasil and all over the world.
There are Imperial Palms planted in 1809 by Prince Regent John VI. It’s a perfect hideaway for nature­lovers.
Tijuca Forest is home to hundreds of species of plants and wildlife, and it’s the largest urban Forest, covering
3,200 hectares.
Carioca Arches is located in the Largo da Lapa Square, holding their place in history as a monumental work in
colonial Rio. Lots of bars that you can visit at night to listen to samba music and enjoy traditional food.
Municipal Theater is located near the National Library and with its attractive design catches the eyes of any
pedestrian passing by. This theatre is a true temple if culture in Rio.
Others special tourist attractions in Rio are: Colombo restaurant, Modern Art Museum (MAM), Banco do Brasil
Cultural Center, Nossa Senhora da Candelaria Church, National History Museum, Fiscal Island, Quinze de
Novembro Square, Saint Benedict Monastery, Maracana Soccer Stadium, Dance Hall Estudantina, Flamengo
Park, Catete Palace, Barar da Tijuca Beach, Roberto Burle Max Estate, shopping center like BarraShopping,
and nearby attractions worth a visit: Petropolis, Angra, Paraty, and Buzios.

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